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Increased physical activity for a minimum of 30 minutes each day, with an acceptable option of accumulating three minute sessions toward the minute daily minimum 5 days each week, has been associated with lowered risk of CVD mortality 6.
Metabolic syndrome: definitions and controversies. The modules populated an online video library of content with brief descriptors to inform the participant about what each module contains Table 1.
Having a small sample size and homogeneous target population limits generalizability of these finding to the population at large. Findings Description of the sample Twenty-four women completed the yogic dance study Table 2. Public Health Rep.
Hanna JL. African dance: Some implications for dance therapy. The study used a single-group, mixed-methods de underpinned by social constructivist theory and Pender's Health Promotion Model. Public Health Nursing.
The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at J Yoga Phys Ther.
Implications Given the importance of social support and culturally tailored concepts to AAs, further examination of the impact of yoga- and dance-based interventions on physical activity behavior is needed. Most Participants voiced their perceptions of barriers to and benefits from yogic dance, the experiences of yoga and dance in their daily lives, and the acceptability of using the intervention.
Sage Publications; Thousand Oaks: Geertz C. Thick description: Toward an interpretive theory of culture. After completing in-person semi-structured interviews and Internet-based measures, including the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire, and the modified International Physical Activity Questionnaire, consented participants engaged in 4-weeks of the yogic dance intervention via daily video-based instructions located on the study Web site.
In each of the data sources used to corroborate themes, the women found social support through group practice to be a key motivator for initiating and maintaining yogic dance and other physical activities. Additionally, at the conclusion of the intervention, the investigators hosted focus groups to explore the facilitators and barriers to consistent yogic dance practice.
Refining this theme using the write-in survey responses, one Craigslist champaign il personals participant described her positive experience with the cultural dance-inspired warm-up videos using the following words:.
Pender NJ. Health Promotion Model manual. A salient theme throughout all sources of the descriptive data e. Given the importance of social support and culturally tailored concepts to AAs, further examination of the impact of yoga- and dance-based interventions on physical activity behavior is needed.
Girl Scouts, then … the yogic dance focus group … then I have to go meet my mother-in-law … then go put in grades. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback.
References 1. Open in a separate window. Abstract African-American AA women are the segment of the population that experiences the highest mortality from metabolic syndrome MetS. National Institutes of Health; Banks-Wallace J, Conn V. Interventions to promote physical activity among African American women.
Cultural dance has been empirically studied in AA women and has demonstrated potential for improving MetS-related symptoms.
Two of the women who were mothers of young children believed the warm-up not only motivated them to move more but engaged other members of the family as well. Feasibility of intervention To determine feasibility of the intervention and the yogic dance study website, recruitment and retention rates were calculated from the 1 percentage of participants who completed the prescreening, eligibility, and enrollment phases of the study; 2 the percentage who completed all study measures; and 3 the percentage who preferred DVDs and printed study booklets over Web-based study materials.
The intervention was proposed to be a feasible means for increasing participation in yoga-based physical activity, which the investigators further proposed would, in future studies of longer duration, lead to direct and indirect effects on improving modifiable MetS characteristics such as body mass index BMI39 - 42 blood pressure, 42 waist circumference, 3943 and sedentary lifestyle.
He loves music, so it was inviting and made him want to try it. In the current study, social support also emerged as a potential mediator to yogic dance. Malone J. Steppin on the blues: the visible rhythms of African dance. Neuro-hormonal pathways, such as the renin angiotensin aldosterone system, are thought to be important in the control of elevated heart rate, elevated blood pressure, myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, and congestive heart failure 19 - 21.
This thread of the focus group discussion led the women to spontaneously begin to Craigslist champaign il personals ways the group could begin to meet to practice yogic dance together with the following:. The participants viewed Web site-based videos and completed Web site-based participation logs to document their yogic dance activities.
Twenty-four 24 women completed the study.
Examining culturally structured learning environments with different types of music-linked movement opportunity.
Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. Ethnic-specific BMI and waist circumference thresholds. Racial disparities in metabolism, central obesity, and sex hormone-binding globulin in postmenopausal women.
The authors have no professional relationship with any company or manufacturer that would benefit from the of this study.
The use of yoga in AA women, specifically, has been understudied, with only two identified studies 1629 evaluating yoga in AA individuals with CVD. At the time of this report, there were no studies evaluating the impact of yoga on AA women with or at risk for MetS indicating a need to further explore yoga in this high-risk population.
The investigators used semi-structured and open-ended questions to explore the intrapersonal self-perceptions and interpersonal models constructs from the HPM 37. He even tried the yoga-style posing and the stretching. Block B, Kissell JL.
The dance: essence of embodiment.
Two participants reiterated the benefits of the cultural connection that participating in the yogic dance study brought them as they engaged in the following dialogue:. Yoga can improve metabolic rate, perfusion, cardiopulmonary function, and exercise capacity 13.
Modest weight reductions can have a beneficial effect on hypertension management, 9 and increased physical activity has been positively associated with a reduced risk of developing T2D and CVD 110. African dance, with its rich symbolism and meanings, was chosen to enhance the intervention used in this research study because it offers an opportunity for AA women to have a culturally sensitive means of increasing their leisure-time physical activity in a way that is stress-reducing and enjoyable.
Best practices for mixed methods research in the health sciences.
African American women's experiences with physical activity in their daily lives. Lewis P. Marian Chace Foundation annual lecture: Dancing with the movement of the river.
The deep structural cultural enhancements to the intervention e. J Yoga Phys Ther.
When compared to measures that assess continuous s indicating duration of physical activity in discrete amounts e. The influence of yoga-based programs on risk profiles in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review.
Associations of abdominal adiposity, fasting insulin, sex hormone binding globulin, and estrone with lipids and lipoproteins in post-menopausal women.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attributionwhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Participants suggested various forms of social support e. Murrock CJ, Madigan E.
Self-efficacy and social support as mediators between Craigslist champaign il personals specific dance and lifestyle physical activity. BMC Med. Metabolic syndrome.
When they experienced difficulty hearing the audio cues or seeing the models on the computer screen clearly, the women tended to prefer to play the DVDs on their TVs.
Though the women found the yoga-based postures to be acceptable and beneficial for relaxation and sleep, the cultural dance component of the yogic dance program also received enthusiastic responses from the participants, who found the African dance-based warm-up to be interesting and enjoyable.
One participant said:.
Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, Williams RA. Cardiovascular disease in African American women: a health care disparities issue. Study De A single group, mixed-methods approach combining quantitative and qualitative research methods, was used to elicit corroboration and convergence of multiple forms of data to explore the complex determinants of yoga- and dance-based physical activity in AA women.
J Black Psychol. AA women generally underutilize yoga, 23 primarily preferring prayer 2425 and herbal supplements 26 - 28 as complementary health approaches.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. The integrated from this feasibility study will inform research exploring the complex correlates that influence health behaviors in AA women.
See other articles Craigslist champaign il personals PMC that cite the published article. Moderate-intensity physical activity and fasting insulin levels in women: the Cross-Cultural Activity Participation Study. When compared to exercise, which refers to planned, structured, and repetitive physical activity, leisure time or low-level physical activity is an appropriate entry level for sedentary individuals, as incremental behavior changes positively influence the maintenance of physical activity 11.
The diabetes network internet-based physical activity intervention: a randomized pilot study. Religion, spirituality, and healthcare choices of African-American women: of a national survey.
Int J Aging Hum Dev. Arcangeli A. Dance and health: The Renaissance physicians' view. The Journal of the American Medical Association. Twenty-eight 28 women were enrolled into the 4-week study. In terms of metabolic expenditure, yoga practice is considered a low-level physical activity 12.
AA women experience higher age-adjusted blood pressure and obesity rates than all other ethnicities 78. After the intervention, four women participated in focus groups to voice their perceptions of barriers to and benefits from YD and the acceptability of using the YD intervention.
Solution Tree; Bloomington, IN: Papacharissi Z, Rubin AM.
Predictors of Internet use. American Journal of Dance Therapy. The women echoed this sentiment throughout their responses. Public Health Nurs.
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From the theoretical underpinning for this research HPM frameworksociocultural influences can include role modeling of the desired health behavior. The authors also thank JoAnne Banks and Cecelia Robinson for their assistance in preparing the manuscript.
Menopause, the metabolic syndrome, and mind-body therapies. These themes were consistent across all the data sources. To varying degrees, participants found all seven yogic dance videos acceptable Table 4. Insulin resistance. In a group setting, however, the women believed they would have felt able to one another and would not have wanted to disappoint one another, thereby promoting more activity.
Before initiating the yogic dance videos, the Web site guided participants toward setting goals to increase their physical activity and Craigslist champaign il personals subsequently view and follow at least 3 minute yogic dance videos daily for at least 5 days per week during the 4-week study period.
Using Internet technology to deliver a behavioral weight loss program. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. The participants were directed to record their daily yogic dance participation using the Web site-based YD diary.
One focus group participant had the following to say:. Diabetes Care.
Theme 2 - Increased social support would enhance yogic dance participation A salient theme throughout all sources of the descriptive data e. Res Theory Nurs Pract.
J Cult Divers. Culture Though the women found the yoga-based postures to be acceptable and beneficial for relaxation and sleep, the cultural dance component of the yogic dance program also received enthusiastic responses from the participants, who found the African dance-based warm-up to be interesting and enjoyable.
Ann Behav Med. Serlin IA. Body as text: A psychological and cultural reading. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire IPAQa 7-question survey of physical activity at moderate and vigorous levels, 62 was used to evaluate physical activity behaviors in the past 2 weeks and to determine whether or not the participant was considered sedentary prior to participating in the study.
Crotty M. The foundations of social research: Meaning and perspective in the research process. The Arts in Psychotherapy. Many of the participants mentioned group practice as a demonstrated motivator for yogic dance. J Am Coll Cardiol. Twenty-four women completed the yogic dance study Table 2.
Drawing from traditions originating in West African societies, 35 culturaldance has Craigslist champaign il personals incorporated into modern AA culture and is seen in daily life, family gatherings, religious meetings, and educational and work-related tasks.
The social aspect would help. Theme 1 -Culture is an important aspect of yogic dance The yogic dance study took principles and symbology seen in West African cultural dance and combined these with postures of hatha yoga to create a version of yoga proposed to be more palatable and culturally sensitive to AA women.
Yoga improves insulin sensitivity and is generally effective in reducing the risk of T2D 15 Yoga practice is protective against heart failure 16 and atrial fibrillation, 17 the cardiovascular events suffered most frequently by AA women 8.
Figure 1. This moderate-intensity dance video taught the participants five symbol-rich, culturally derived dance moves in succession, ending with a mid-tempo choreographed flourish of low to moderate level physical activity.
Learn more about navigating our updated article layout. Social support Social support is a well-known mediator of physical activity and weight management in AA women 3364 - 66.
J Health Care Poor Underserved. Am J Prev Med. Motivating people to be physically active. Because of its effect on multiple mechanisms in autonomic pathways, yoga has positive effects on reports of stress 19 and heart rate variability, a stress indicator 22 .
A multifaceted syndrome responsible for NIDDM, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Moore K. A systematic review of web-based interventions for patient empowerment and Craigslist champaign il personals activity in chronic diseases: relevance for cancer survivors.
Web-based intervention to promote physical activity by sedentary older adults: randomized controlled trial. A single group, mixed-methods approach combining quantitative and qualitative research methods, was used to elicit corroboration and convergence of multiple forms of data to explore the complex determinants of yoga- and dance-based physical activity in AA women.
Raub JA. Psychophysiologic effects of Hatha Yoga on musculoskeletal and cardiopulmonary function: a literature review. The Individual Characteristics Form, developed by the first author, was used to record the baseline demographics, health status indicators, and prior PA-related experiences of the participants.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Yoga is useful in managing symptoms of MetS 14 and can bring about improvements in lipid profiles, 15 and blood pressure 13. Participant 2: We meet once a week or once a month to do this as a group and learn a new step.
Yoga is thought to work by accessing parasympathetic pathways in the autonomic nervous system and stimulating the relaxation response 18. Theor Med Bioeth. All participants completed baseline demographic and anthropometric measures prior to engaging in 4 weeks of at-home yogic dance practice.
J Natl Med Assoc. Paper survey booklets and DVDs were used as a backup method in case of failure of online-based methods.
The site is secure. Basler HD, Weissbach I. Diagnosis of drug compliance by questioning the patient--a study of essential hypertension. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. J Phys Act Health. Family history of obesity.
With the input of an interdisciplinary team consisting of physical activity researchers, expert yoga practitioners, and cultural dance choreographers, the investigators developed and tested the feasibility of an innovative yoga-based intervention infused with symbolism, meaning, and movements drawn from principles of West African cultural dance to promote physical activity behaviors in the targeted population.
AAs are less likely to participate in physical activity when compared to Whites, regardless of income, education, age, sex, BMI, or presence of a chronic condition i.
Effects of dance on physical and psychological well-being in older persons. Flores R. Dance for health: improving fitness in African American and Hispanic adolescents. Focus group data provided contextual understanding of the relationships among HPM theoretical constructs 45 such as the influence of facilitators and barriers on setting a definitive goal to increase yogic dance activities to 5 times per week.
These same neuro-hormonal Craigslist champaign il personals also are thought to be important in the mechanisms of yoga 18. Ethn Dis. Use of complementary and alternative therapies by rural African Americans with type 2 diabetes.
The PMC legacy view will also be available for a limited time. The majority of the study participants reported viewing the minute African dance-based warm-up video regularly, citing their enjoyment in learning about African cultural principles while moving in rhythm with the yogic dance instructor.
The women in the study did provide some key areas in which the delivery of the intervention could be improved.
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. Use of complementary and alternative medicine among women in New York City: a pilot study.
Introduction African-American AA women are the segment of the population that experiences the highest mortality from chronic diseases resulting from the metabolic syndrome MetS 12.
Obesity Silver Spring ; 19 — The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans: Implications for clinical and public health practice. Cardiorespiratory and metabolic changes during yoga sessions: the effects of respiratory exercises and meditation practices.
This could be considered a confounder, as education level is predictive of physical activity. My husband and little kids ages ed me at times when I did those dance moves during day hours. Copyright notice. Hazzard-Gordon K. Jookin': The rise of social dance formations in African-American culture.
The Internet was chosen as the format for this video intervention because of the potential for its high accessibility and ease-of-use.
MetS is a complex disorder defined by interrelated risk factors, including dysregulated blood lipids dyslipidemia ; high blood pressure hypertension ; insulin resistance; high waist circumference and body fat percentage abdominal obesity ; high body mass index obesity ; chronic stress; and sedentary lifestyle 34.
Another participant, after attending the focus group with other yogic dance study participants, noted the rapport that she quickly developed with the other women in the study. African-American AA women are the segment of the population that experiences the highest mortality from metabolic syndrome MetS.
Descriptive study findings Integrated from the qualitative Craigslist champaign il personals of the study i.
To determine feasibility of the intervention and the yogic dance study website, recruitment and retention rates were calculated from the 1 percentage of participants who completed the prescreening, eligibility, and enrollment phases of the study; 2 the percentage who completed all study measures; and 3 the percentage who preferred DVDs and printed study booklets over Web-based study materials.
J Med Internet Res. Changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior in a randomized trial of an internet-based versus workbook-based family intervention study. Does practicing hatha yoga satisfy recommendations for intensity of physical activity which improves and maintains health and cardiovascular fitness?
To determine the causal and mediating relationships between and among yoga- and dance-based activities with physical activity participation and MetS symptoms reduction, future studies should include multiple arms to explore the comparative effectiveness of both yoga and dance component of the yogic dance intervention.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. Benefits of yoga for African American heart failure patients.
In doing so, she acknowledged the importance of the social support and a manner in which it could be Craigslist champaign il personals. The mean age of the women in the sample was At baseline, The respondents provided an oral report of their family histories of MetS symptoms.
Twenty-four women provided consent to enroll in the study. Anthropometric measures e. Effect of rosary prayer and yoga mantras on autonomic cardiovascular rhythms: comparative study. The new PMC de is here!
They were willing to attempt to use the Internet to complete surveys and to watch the online videos; however, they found some challenges. Intervention The yogic dance postures were developed using concepts from hatha yoga, 49 and the chakra system 50.
The chakra-aligning positions selected for the current study were intended to ground and center, increase personal power, and promote cardiovascular health in the study participants.
Because this was as feasibility study, a power analysis was not conducted. J Am Board Fam Pract. African-American AA women are the segment of the population that experiences the highest mortality from chronic diseases resulting from the metabolic syndrome MetS 12 .
Study surveys were administered using either a write-in survey booklet or Internet-based surveys on the study Web site.
In AA women, family plays an important role in the uptake and maintenance of physical activity 67 - 69. These foundational constructs were incorporated into the intervention at multiple focal points, including the pre-intervention phase when the investigators held preliminary interviews to establish the prior-related physical activity behaviors of participants and self-perceptions associated with their obesity.
One focus group participant had the following to say: I like when every time the narrator came on, she explained the culture of what you were doing in the dance, so that had the spiritual connection for me, like where it came from, where it was derived from, and a lot of it was over there in Africa, so that was the spiritual piece for me.
Health promotion in nursing practice. Based on the of this feasibility study, yoga-and dance-based activities are acceptable to AA women, however increased social support and infusion of culturally sensitive concept enhance practice.
Effects of Hatha yoga and African dance on perceived stress, affect, and salivary cortisol. The yogic dance postures were developed using concepts from hatha yoga, 49 and the chakra system 50. Yoga as Low-level Physical Activity In terms of metabolic expenditure, yoga practice is considered a low-level physical activity 12 .
It is worth noting that the participants considered the intervention itself to be a form of social support and they consistently mentioned during the focus groups that they wished they had met one another sooner in the study to practice the yogic dance postures together.
The yogic dance videos were edited and subdivided into 7, minute video training modules and ed to the yogic dance Web site.
J Nurs Res. Risk indices associated with the insulin resistance syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and possible protection with yoga: A systematic review.
The purpose of this 4-week study was to test the feasibility and acceptability of a culturally tailored, Internet-based intervention, yogic dance YDusing digital videos in a sample of AA women ages at risk for or with MetS.
Though unanticipated by the investigators, the study protocol offered additional social support opportunities via the focus groups held immediately following the intervention when the women were able to come together and share their experiences participating in the study.
Yoga- and dance-based postures were developed by the first author with the assistance of an AA certified yoga instructor with experience teaching yoga in West Africa; AA and West African dance choreographers; and an AA certified physical trainer with experience training women in the target population.
Table 1 YD Intervention Description. Overall, the women in the study found the intervention to be feasible and acceptable. Themes that emerged from the descriptive data include: 1 Culture is an important aspect of yogic dance; and 2 Increased social support would enhance yogic dance participation.
On the goal-setting worksheets, many of the women named their daughters, other family members, and co-workers as people to whom they would like to be able for meeting their physical activity goals.
Limitations Having a small sample size and homogeneous target Craigslist champaign il personals limits generalizability of these finding to the population at large.
Altern Ther Health Med. Demographic and health-related correlates to visits to complementary and alternative medical providers.
The women in the study had a relatively high education level. The yogic dance study took principles and symbology seen in West African cultural dance and combined these with postures of hatha yoga to create a version of yoga proposed to be more palatable and culturally sensitive to AA women.
Med Care. J Nutr Metab. Social support is a well-known mediator of physical activity and weight management in AA women 3364 - 66. In terms of family support, several mothers found that being able to do their physical activity along with their children was an enjoyable experience.
The investigators used the YD diary to measure the time participating in yogic dance activity. Author manuscript; available in PMC Jan Author information Copyright and information Disclaimer.
These included having a user-friendly Web interface that indicates more clearly how to use the Web site tools e. To the investigators of this study, the aforementioned qualities made dance desirable as a template upon which to integrate the beneficial properties of yoga. These cardiac events also create the largest cost burden to the current health care system 1.
The purpose of the current study is to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, Internet-based, cultural dance-modified yoga Craigslist champaign il personals tailored for AA women—referred to as yogic dance.
Following the 4-week intervention, an Internet-based evaluation survey was used to collect data on the acceptability of the yogic dance intervention as structured. Figure 2. Haber D. Yoga as a preventive health care program for white and black elders: an exploratory study.
Kumanyika SK. The impact of obesity on hypertension management in African Americans. The women in the study were overwhelmingly impressed by the inclusion of these deep structural concepts. Evaluation of an internet-based physical activity intervention: a preliminary investigation.
Supported by social constructivist theory 44 wherein meanings from human beings are derived as they engage with the world they interpret, responses from focus groups and semi-structured one-on-one interviews were integratedto elicit a meaningful description of Craigslist champaign il personals it was like to participate in the yogic dance study.
Federal government websites often end in. Participant 1: Like a book club, you read the book at home … then you come together and talk about it.
Vital Health Stat. Banks C. Critical postcolonial dance pedagogy: The relevance of West African dance education in the United States. When the women were asked what they enjoyed about the intervention, they spoke of the referential connections to African cultural heritage as being somewhat spiritual in its ificance to them.
Effects of a modified dance-based exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness, psychological state and health status of persons with rheumatoid arthritis. A culturally-specific dance intervention to increase functional capacity in African American women. Effects of Hatha yoga on stress in middle-aged women.
Integrated from the qualitative portions of the study i. The digital divide 46 among this population is not as wide as once thought. The evaluation included questions about specific components of the program, including the cultural aspects.
The women found that the program offered opportunities for social support as their families often ed in with them as they practiced yogic dance with the videos, encouraging the women to engage in more practice.
Interview questions about the benefits of the yogic dance program yielded several favorable responses to the AA female video models, women whose sizes were larger than women typically seen in American exercise videos.
Effect of yoga on arrhythmia burden, anxiety, depression, and quality of life in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: the YOGA My Heart Study.What you should know prior to moving to Champaign Urbana Illinois.
Another study participant demonstrated this sentiment by saying:. Chakra-aligning yogic postures were integrated with movements from the West African dance lexicon 5152 wherein body positions that maintain a low center of gravity e.
To power future efficacy studies on appropriate effect sizes for dance and yoga, investigators need to delineate the impact of yoga practice alone from dance alone, and yoga- and dance-combined interventions.
Bridging the digital divide: The impact of race on computer access and Internet use. Interested women responded by and social media private inbox messaging and were prescreened by telephone for eligibility Figure 2. Yoga practice attenuates psychological symptoms, promotes health, and can be an efficacious self-care practice in the prevention and maintenance of cardiac and metabolic wellness 19.
Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol.How to Use Craigslist to Promote Clickbank Products for FREE! (Affiliate Marketing Tutorial 2022)
J Altern Complement Med. The metabolic syndrome and mind-body therapies: a systematic review. International physical activity questionnaire: country reliability and validity.
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